20/05/1906 - 1980




Artist Profile


He was born in Bankura, West Bengal. 1921-22 His posters and portraits of the nationalist leaders during Non-Cooperation Movement got him noticed by Ramanand Chatterjee. 1925 Came to Santiniketan. He was the first artist in Santiniketan to use oil paint and do distinctly modern and abstract works. He is also known as the `Pioneer of Modern Indian Sculpture.


1925-29 Diploma (Fine Arts), Kala Bhavan, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan.


1950 Realities Nouvelle, Paris (Also in 1951). Calcutta Group exhb., Calcutta. 1960-61 Visva Bharati Uninersity, Santiniketan. `Paintings, Sketches & Sculptures`, Calcutta Arts Council, Calcutta. 1972 Birla Academy of Art & Culture, Calcutta. 1974 Tokyo exhb., Japan. 1979 Asian Art Exhb., Tokyo. 1990 Retrospective, National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi. 1991 Exhb. presented by National Gallery of Modern Art and Nag Foundation, Bal Gangadhar Kala Dalan, Pune. 1995 `Man and Nature: Reflections of Six Artists`, Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage and National Gallery of Modern Art (Curated by Keshav Malik). 1995 Old Masters, Taj Palace Intercontinental, New Delhi. 1997 `Santiniketan: The Making of a Contextual Modernism`, exhb. curated by R. Siva Kumar, National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi.


Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan. Late Rani Chanda Collection & Academy of Fine Arts, Calcutta. H.K. Kejriwal Collection & Karnataka Chitrakala Parishad, Bangalore. Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi. National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi. Reserve Bank of India, New Delhi. Jane and Kito de Boer, Dubai. Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi.


Being no introvert or recluse, Baij responded to the a natural zest for life, and took a great interest in human figures, body language, and in the general human drama. Modern Western Art and pre and post- classical Indian Art were his main point of reference. He used local material advantageously, and worked combining the skills of a modeller and a carver. His paintings too take on Expressionist dimensions like his sculptures, which are filled with force and vitality.


Head of the Sculpture Department, Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan.